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General description Hydrosoluble vitamin important in oxido-reduction processes of metabolism.
Found - lean meats, organ meats, turkey and chicken meat
- fish
- brewers yeast
- whole grains, nuts, dried peas, beans
- milk and milk products
Anti-aging role - energy release in tissues and cells as it helps form the coenzymes NAD and NADP
- helps to maintain a healthy nervous and digestive system
- essential for normal growth
- essential for healthy skin
- it can help to lower LDL cholesterol and tryglyceride levels
- it can raising HDL cholesterol level
- production of bile salts
- synthesis of sex hormones
- help to alleviate the symptoms of arthritis
Deficiency symptoms - Pellagra (dermatitis, diarrhea, dementia)
- bright red tongue, sore tongue and gums, inflamed mouth, throat and esophagus. Canker sores.
- mental illness, perceptual changes in the five senses, schizophrenia symptoms, insomnia
- rheumatoid arthritis
- muscle weakness
- irritability
- recurring headaches
- indigestion, nausea, vomiting, bad breath
Therapeutic doses 50 - 100 mg - niacinamide
To lower cholesterol: niacin: 250 - 1500 mg / day
RDA for men - 16 mg
RDA for women - 14 mg
European RDA - 18 mg
Maximum safe level Nicotinamide: 450 mg (long term usage); 1500 mg (short term usage)
Nicotinic acid: 150 mg (long term usage); 500 mg (short term usage)
Side effects Dose of nicotinic acid in excess of these levels may cause temporary flushing of the skin.
Contraindications - patients with bleeding problems
- diabetes
- liver disease
- gout
- low blood pressure
- stomach ulcer